Petersham’s Forgotten War Graves

The graves of the Farren brothers are not the only Commonwealth War Graves in the Churchyard of St Peter’s.  There are two other graves for men who were on active service at the time of their deaths in 1915.

Neither was a native of the parish, nor strictly speaking a resident for any significant period of time.  The first burial was that of Frank Charles Liddle, who was given a military funeral after his death from enteric fever in 1915.  The other, Algernon Hanbury-Tracy, was an older brother of one of the men commemorated on the Parish War Memorial and, while he was not officially of the parish, the influence of his mother’s Tollemache connections, and the fact that Lady Sudeley moved from Ormeley Lodge to Petersham at about that time, were probably sufficient to seal the deal.

9166 Private Frank Charles Liddle, 2/East Surrey Regiment

Frank Liddle was the son of a blacksmith, George Robert Liddle and his wife, Eliza Caroline Howard.  George and Caroline were married at All Saints’ in Wandsworth, and moved to live in Kingston Vale, then part of the parish of Ham, where all their children were born.  By the time of George’s death, in 1900, the family was living at 94 Washington Road, except for Frank’s elder sister, Mary Ann Elizabeth, whose move to Petersham—after her marriage in 1897 to Harry Marks Randall—may have been what brought Frank’s mother, and eventually Frank himself, to River Lane.  Harry and Mary Ann lived at Elm Lodge Stables for many years.

Frank worked as a carter in Kingston before deciding to enlist in the East Surrey Regiment in 1907.His Service Table suggests that, after a short spell in Jersey, Frank spent the next seven years with the Second Battalion in India and Burma, until eventually, in November 1914 they were ordered back to Europe, arriving on the H.T. Malda. The Battalion’s Diary notes that 21 officers and 908 men arrived at Devonport on the evening of 23 December, departing that night, by train to Winchester.  The exceptions were one officer and one private, who “were there left sick and unfit for service”.  As Frank’s Service Table records his embarking on the Malda, but not his disembarking at Devonport, it would seem that he was probably the private left behind when the battalion, moved off to join up with reinforcements from other battalions in Winchester.  For his battalion, 1915 was a fearful year.  After intensive training and mobilisation, they were sent to Le Havre in mid-January where they continued to train for battle.  Battalion records reveal that of the 1000 men of the Battalion who went “up the line” in 1915, only 200 survived.

I think it very likely that Frank spent his remaining months in an isolation hospital in Sussex,  which is where his death was registered.  Although he cannot have lived in Petersham himself, for very long, if at all, he was given a military funeral and buried in the Churchyard, near to where the Parish War Memorial was later erected.  His grave was, in fact, the first CWGC grave in that burial ground.

I began my research into Frank by locating his burial in the parish register, and working  from that to locate his family.  Viewing the same page in the burial register earlier today, I saw a name immediately below his, which now had added significance.  That burial entry, made about eight weeks after Frank’s death, records the burial of Harry Marks Randall, Frank’s brother-in-law of River Lane.

Major the Honourable Algernon Henry Charles Hanbury-Tracy, Royal Horse Guards, C.M.G.

Algernon Hanbury Tracy was born in Westminster on 11 April 1871, the third child and second son of the 4th Baron Sudeley and his wife, Ada Maria Katherine Tollemache.  He went into the Army, like so many of his Tollemache and Hanbury Tracy relatives, serving in Uganda, Abyssinia and South Africa, and being ‘Mentioned in Despatches’ three times.  He married Frederica Darley in 1905 and they had two children, Ursula and Richard.

Algernon died of heart failure at 96 Westbourne Terrace, Hyde Park on 3 December 1915, almost a year after the death of his younger brother, Felix. He is buried in the Churchyard of St Peter, within a stone’s throw of Reston Lodge, where his mother lived for the last few years of her life.

The Second World War was in turn, to bring more grief to the families of Algernon’s children. His son, Richard Algernon Frederick Hanbury-Tracy, by then the 6th Baron Sudeley, was, like his father, a Major in the Royal Horse Guards at the time of his death.  He died at sea, off the coast of Norway, while serving with the No. 8 (Guards) Commando in 1941.

Algernon’s daughter, Ursula Katherine, was the wife of Brigadier Claude Nicholson, who led the brigade which became famous for its heroic defence of Calais in May 1940.  His bravery and leadership continued to be exceptional throughout his captivity, but the unremitting demands of this led to his death, in tragic circumstances, three years later.

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Posted in Commonwealth War Graves, East Surrey Regiment | Tagged , , ,

“Baby Edith” revisits Petersham

Not long after uploading my post on the Naylor family, I began to wonder what had happened to little Edith Johnson, the baby who had survived the bombing.  As she’d been so young, I thought there was a good chance she was still with us.  In time, this became a nagging feeling, but, because I had course deadlines to meet, I wasn’t free to do that until Christmas Eve and, well…  I took my first chance on Boxing Day, and set to work.  The steps I took to work out who she was, and to identify her parents,are described in the post which I uploaded to Petersham Remembers on 27 December 2016.

Not long after that, I noticed two messages on Facebook, from people unknown to me.  They turned out to be Edie’s son and daughter who had heard about the blog post from their mother and aunt, who had sought their help in locating the person who’d written it.  The first time I spoke to Edie on the phone, we talked for an hour and a half.  As we knew from the newspaper report, that they, and the family’s maid had survived with only minor injuries, I was surprised to learn how very lucky they had been to survive.  Edie was  told by her mother that the force of the bomb had blown the bedroom door off its hinges and hurled it across the room, where it had landed on Edie’s cot. I also discovered that Edie had married one of the Haldenbys from Stretton Road.

It was Edie’s younger sister, Christine, who had first come across my post.  With all commemorations and exhibitions there have been recently for both World Wars, she had become curious to find out more about her mother and her sister’s escape when the only bomb to kill civilians in Petersham fell on The Thatch, the house to which her mother, sister and grandmother, as well as a cousin, had been allocated, when they were evacuated from the East End, having already survived an earlier bomb that had destroyed their flat.

Christine googled:   bomb + petersham + thatched house.

Google responded with a link to the blog post The Petersham Evacuees: What became of Edith Johnson?

Had I delayed writing the post beyond Boxing Day, and done the research in my own free time, there would have been nothing for Christine to find.  And had she searched just a couple of weeks earlier, there would have been nothing for her to find.  I’ve always appreciated how fortunate that timing was, and also found the ‘niggling feeling’ to get on with it, really rather spooky.

A few weeks ago we met up with Edie and Christine and their husbands in Sandpits Road.  I pointed out to them the many cottages nearby where men who are commemorated on the Petersham Parish War Memorial lived.  And I took them to the location of The Thatch, and we certainly struck lucky.  Despite our turning up out of the blue, we received a genuine welcome and we were shown the nameplate for the old house, “The Thatch”  which seems to have been retained by former owners despite the house’s lack of thatch—plans for its rebuilding date from 1947.  I took a photo of the owner, with our four visitors from Bath and Petersfield, with Edie proudly holding the nameplate.  Edie and Christine have told me that that moment was a highlight in a very happy return to Petersham.

I took them to the Royal Oak, so that they could look at the amazing collection of historical photos that Keith Mulberry has collected.  There we were warmly welcomed by Keith and Louise Dilloway—thank you both, you made our day.  Having mourned the loss of the Royal Oak to developers, I can see what an asset it has now become to the community, thanks to those who worked so hard to restore it to, and for, us.

Keith Mulberry popped in to meet the four pilgrims during that visit and Keith and Rex, Edie’s husband, regaled one another with memories of the old times, triggered and inspired by Keith’s photo collection.  I can see that for emigrants from Ham, this all helps to revive and refresh so many memories.

Looking at the photos in the Royal Oak with Keith Mulberry. Edie is on the right.

Christine is currently busy finding out, from her aunts and other evacuees and from historical records, more about the East End bombing raid which her parents and sister survived and about their experience as evacuees.  Apparently the evacuees, after arriving in Richmond by train, were taken to the Cinema to be allocated to Richmond families.

Edie’s father served in the Second World War, and had already enlisted by the time the family was bombed out of the East End.  His death soon after Christine was born, means that, while Edie has some memories of her father, her sister has none.

Among the photos that Christine and Edie brought with them, was one which included their mother. She is in the middle of the back row in the photo below.  They were moved after the Petersham bomb to Richmond.  Edie’s mother worked at the Orchard School, in the catering team—possibly about the 60s—and I think there will be quite a few local people, who would have been at the Orchard then, and may remember her.  Keith Dilloway did!

 

 

 

Posted in Evacuees, The Blitz | Tagged , , , ,

Update to my post on the Naylors

Recently, in a comment elsewhere on this blog, Roger Bamkin provided me with a link to a webpage on Marie Naylor, written by John Simkin in 1997.  Interested readers can find more information about  her role as a noted campaigner for Women’s Suffrage.  I have added a link to this information in my post The Naylor family:  Petersham’s civilian losses in the 1940 Blitz.

Simkin, J., ‘Marie Naylor’, http://spartacus-educational.com/WnaylorM.htm, accessed 17/5/2018.

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Eileen Rose Allen (1935–2017)

I have chosen to upload a post about the relative of one of Petersham’s servicemen, because I wish to pay tribute to Eileen Allen, whom I have come to know over the past six years or so. Our initial contact was in connection with my research of the stories behind the names of the people commemorated on the Petersham War Memorial.

Eileen Allen and her brother, Frederick, were natives of Petersham, and the only grandchildren of Frederick George Morffew, who is commemorated on the Petersham War Memorial.

However, as the member of a family that has had a presence in Ham for at least 200 years, Eileen was also related to several men on Ham’s War Memorial.  As an example of this connection, I will soon upload a post on Walter Stanley (alias Frederick) Benson to Ham Remembers.  W.S. Benson turned out to be the half-brother of Eileen’s Auntie Vi—Violet Emmeline Buckner, the wife of Eileen’s great-uncle, Robert Samuel Morffew. Older residents may remember Vi as the wife of the bootmaker  near the New Inn.  Indeed, if rumours Eileen shared with me about her black sheep of a great-grandfather are true, quite a few descendants of Ham’s 19th century families may unwittingly be distant cousins of the Morffews.

Fortunately, by the time my post on Eileen’s grandfather, Frederick George Morffew, came to the attention of the Deaf Heritage project, I had already made contact with Eileen and her eldest son, Mark.  Deaf Heritage was then working with BBC Two See Hear on a television programme about deaf soldiers in the First World War and the producer contacted me to find out more about Frederick.  I was able to put her in touch with Eileen and Mark, and the three of us were subsequently filmed for that programme. This was done at unexpectedly short notice because of Mark’s heavy schedule, which gave us little time to prepare.  I think, however, we all remember it as a pleasant  experience, and the programme was duly broadcast as one of the commemorative documentaries which were screened during Remembrance Week in 2014.

Eileen was born on 6 March 1935 at the Grove Road Hospital in Richmond, from where she was taken to the Morffews’ home at 6 Park Place on the Petersham Road. She was the younger of the two children born to Frederick Robert James Morffew (1905–1974) and his wife, Maud Alice Walder (1905–1992).  Also in the family home at the time of Eileen’s birth were her elder brother, Frederick, and her paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Morffew, née Ball (1872–1949). It was not until after her grandmother’s death, and as a consequence of  the Dysart Sale, that the family moved from Petersham to Ham, the parish to which her ancestors had migrated in the early years of the 19th century.

As a child, Eileen was curious and observant, and a good listener.  I met her first in connection with her grandfather. Later, Eileen provided information to support my local history research, confirming the accuracy of a database which I had built up to map the names of the many cottages of Petersham and Ham with their present street addresses.  (I needed to know the precise houses from which the men had gone to war.)  Over time I came to marvel at the rich trove of memories she had to share.

Eileen has been a valuable ally in my research.  She always seemed delighted to help when there was something I wanted to run by her, and gave generously of her time. She listened with interest when I had titbits to pass on from our war memorial contacts.  Her indomitable spirit was also something that I found inspirational.

Eileen once rattled off, house by house, the names of all the residents who were on the west side of the Petersham Road during the 1930s, when she can’t have been more than four years old.  I’m not sure many of us could do the same.  The recent release of the 1939 Register confirmed all but one, and that a minor variation which was easily explained!

A leading oral historian praised  Eileen’s ‘very rich world of memory’ commenting on the quality of our relationship ‘which came through in the quality of [Eileen’s] memories and stories, which are pearls’. I am glad that I was able to feed that praise back to Eileen.  Indeed he had previously sought permission, which she was happy to grant, to add a clip from that interview to the Child Care History Network’s website. In this particular clip Eileen described a visit she and her father had paid to the Gordon Boys’ Home.

What I always enjoyed was Eileen’s ready wit, and her bubbly sense of humour.  Another bonus for any researcher was her sharp recollection of what she had observed as a child who watched and noticed, and puzzled over and retained what she had seen or heard.  She also had a wonderful appreciation of anything that was at all incongruous.   She was fascinated by what I was discovering about her Petersham neighbours and what I was able to find out about her own family’s history.  At her instigation, I recently researched her mother’s family history and had the opportunity to share this with her, clearing up and putting to rest things she had long puzzled over.

The interest of others certainly refuels you when you are wilting and my still hanging on to the war memorial research owes more than a nod to her ongoing interest in it. We both relished the additional information I received and the contacts with descendants, some from very far afield, when stories eventually found their way to the blog.  After the Great War, there came a period called The Great Silence, so, for some, this is often the first time they discover the stories of family members about whom they, as well as their parents, had been told perilously little.

That I had opportunities to chat at length to Eileen is thanks to the tolerance, warmth and hospitality of Judy and Phil and their family, and on one crucial day, also to the patience of Skye, the family’s dog, when we were recording our conversation.

My sincere condolences go to her children and grandchildren on their loss.  I am sure I am only one of many friends and acquaintances who will also miss her.  I certainly feel, as the song goes, ‘you don’t know what you’ve got ’til it’s gone’.

Frederick Morffew, Eileen’s grandfather
‘Frederick George Morffew’,
https://petershamremembers.wordpress.com/2013/10/18/frederick-george-morffew-1878-1917/, accessed 5/1/2018.
‘A great-grandson pays his respects at Talana Farm’,
https://petershamremembers.wordpress.com/2014/10/28/a-great-grandson-pays-his-respects-at-talana-farm/, accessed 5/1/2018.
Mager, W., ‘The untold stories of deaf people in WW1’, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/blogs-ouch-29846154, accessed 21/1/2018.

 

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Ernest Wheeler (1881–1918)

180123 Sapper Ernest Wheeler,
106th Field Company, The Royal Engineers,
Killed in Action in France, 22 March 1918.

Sapper Ernest Wheeler served in the Royal Engineers, in the 106th Field Company and died on 22 March 1918.  He was the son of Edward Wheeler and his wife, Alice Jane Marshall. Edward was born and grew up in Water Lane, Richmond, and, like his father, William, became a boatbuilder in Richmond.  Edward was appointed a Queen’s Waterman, continuing as a King’s Waterman after Victoria’s death.

After their marriage in Richmond at St John’s Church, Edward and Alice began their family life at Grosvenor Cottage in Grosvenor Road, where their first three children were born.  After Ernest’s birth, the family moved to Petersham where the youngest four children in the family were born. One of Ernest’s great-nieces has told me that not one of Edward’s children was induced to follow their father in the family tradition of working with boats. The family moved around a bit in Petersham, living at 3 Mayleigh Cottages  and then at 4 Park Place. Later his parents moved to 10 Catherine Villas, in New Road, Ham, where they were recorded in the 1911 census.  By that time, of their seven children only Walter and Aubrey had not yet left the nest.

Ernest, who for much of his working life was employed as  a domestic gardener, was by living and working  in Putney. Later that year, he married a Scottish lass, Mary McLennan, in the Strand Registration District.

Since Ernest’s service records are among those destroyed in 1940, we can only speculate when he might have enlisted.  He was awarded the campaign medals known affectionately as Mutt and Jeff, the British War Medal and the Allied Victory Medal respectively.  This suggests that he enlisted no earlier than 1916, at about the time that conscription was introduced.  This was a time when the army’s need for experienced diggers and tunnellers was increasing, so Ernest’s background in horticulture would have appealed to the Royal Engineers.

Sapper Ernest Wheeler
© GIllian McAlpine

The 106th Field Company, in which Ernest served, was one of the Royal Engineers’ Field Companies established as part of Kitchener’s 4th New Army.  This field company supported the 25th Division from January 1915, to be joined in February by the 105th Field Company and in May, by the 130th.

The Field Companies provided the various Divisions in the British Army with technical support.  At the start of the war, the British Expeditionary Force was made up of Six Divisions, and the decision was made to reorganise the existing 13 Field Companies, into 12 companies and to allocate two to each division.  A month later, it was realised that more were needed and a third field company was provided. This was not nearly sufficient for the needs of a division.

Ernest’s older brother, Frederick William, Wheeler, Petersham’s postman in civilian life, also enlisted in the Royal Engineers, as a Sapper, and was fortunate to be based at Sandwich, in Kent, for his entire military service.

Postcard sent by Ernest to his nephew, “Dicky” Wheeler
© GIllian McAlpine

This postcard, which has an aerial view of Rouen on the reverse, was sent by Ernest to his nephew Maurice Edward Wheeler, always known as Dicky.  Dicky was the son of his brother Frederick.

It is difficult to see the faded words without enlarging the image.  The card reads:

To Dicky
from Uncle Ernie,
Somewhere in France.

While the Commonwealth War Graves Commission has Ernest’s date of death as 22 March, this is at variance with the following report of his death in the Richmond and Twickenham Times of 6 April 1918.

News has just reached us of the death in action in France on the 28th ultimo of Ernest Wheeler of the Royal Engineers, second son of Mr E. Wheeler, King’s Waterman and  Mrs Wheeler of Sandpits Cottages, Petersham, with whom and the widow great sympathy is felt.  The dead soldier was well known and respected in the parish and his death is regretted by a large circle of friends.

Like so many of those killed during the last week of March 1918, during the German Spring Offensive, or ‘Kaiserschlacht’, Ernest has no known grave.  Besides his being commemorated on the Petersham Memorial, he is also listed on the Pozières Memorial to the Missing, which lists the names of 14 657 British and South African soldiers killed in the German Spring Offensive, who have no known grave.

There are six other Wheelers on the Pozières Memorial, one of whom was apparently ‘serving as Whelan’.  Discovering there were at least six Ernest Wheelers serving in the Royal Engineers alone, with another among Richmond’s war dead, reminded me how popular the name Ernest had become in the fourth quarter of the 19th century.

Following Ernest’s death, Mary’s sister, Flora McLennan, came south to live with her sister in Islington, where Mary died in 1960, and her sister in 1962.  A family photo suggests that, from time to time, over the years, these “Scottish aunts” came to Ham to visit Mary’s in-laws.

We have previously observed, in researching the people commemorated on the Petersham Memorial, how often the loss of a child on military service, was followed by the death of one or both parents. Sadly, Edward Wheeler, Ernest’s father, was one of those.  He died in the autumn of the same year.

Sources
Photographs of Ernest Wheeler, in the possession of one of his relatives, are used in this post with her permission.
The Long, Long Trail, ‘Order of Battle of the 25th Division,’
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/order-of-battle-of-divisions/25th-division/, accessed 29/12/2016.
The National Archives,  WO 95/2235/4, War Diary of 106 Field Company Royal Engineers, Sep 1915–Feb 1919.
The Richmond and Twickenham Times, 6 April 1918, p.3

Houses in Petersham and Ham that are associated with Ernest Wheeler
Any relative wishing to know the current street addresses for the houses associated with the Wheelers, should feel free to contact me, using the Comment facility.  For those not living in this area, I am willing to take photographs of all of them.

Update on changes to this post
The CWGC database provides no family information for Ernest, and it is only from the above report, mentioning “the widow” that this researcher became aware that there might be records of a marriage. Once the Register of Soldiers’ Effects became available for scrutiny, it revealed that Ernest’s sole legatee was his widow, and that her name was Mary. Research did locate a possible marriage for an Ernest Wheeler and a Mary McLennan.

At the time of first uploading this blog post, I could not, without paying for a copy of the certificate, have sworn in court that this was the correct marriage for Ernest and his widow, Mary.  Ernest Wheelers were then marrying in significant numbers. In that first post, I indicated that I hoped one of Ernest’s relatives might be able to confirm this.  One could.

When Ernest’s relative replied to my inquiry, she told me that I had solved a family puzzle for her.  When younger, she had seen a photo of her grandmother holding her younger brother, in which two women, unfamiliar to her, were standing behind her grandmother. When she had asked who they were, they were explained to her as “the Scottish aunts, Mary and Flora”.  When I had asked her if she could confirm that Mary was “the widow”, the penny dropped for her.  Realising in turn, that the photo must have been taken after 1939, I was soon able to  find more about Mary and Flora for Ernest’s great niece. Mary Wheeler and Flora MacLennan (sic) were recorded in the same household in Islington in the 1939 Register.

Posted in German Spring Offensive, Royal Engineers | Tagged ,

Petersham’s evacuees: What became of Edith Johnson?

I’ve been wondering what stories the evacuees passed on to their families about their time in the village of Petersham?

Here’s what we know about baby Edith from the piece on page 9 of The Richmond and Twickenham Times of 12 October 1940:

Four evacuees from the East End had been billeted with [the Naylors], but two of them were away; a mother and baby who remained were bruised.

The four evacuees who had been living with the late Mr and Mrs Naylor would in any case have been spending their last night there, as they had planned to move next day to a permanent home in another borough, and they have now moved.  They were Mrs Marshall, David Hayes, Mrs Johnson and Edith Johnson.

Mrs Johnson and Edith Johnson appear to be the mother and baby in this report.  Where was Mr Johnson?  Engaged in vital war work, already?

I found two births for an Edith Johnson in England and Wales in the period 1 January 1939 to 31 March 1941, a wide range of dates to cover what age group might be covered by ‘baby’.  Two stood out.

Edith #1 was Edith N Johnson, birth registered in the first quarter of 1939 in Woolwich.  Her mother’s maiden name was Johnson, so could the ‘Mrs’ in the report have been a tactful ‘courtesy title’?

Edith #2 was Edith L Johnson, whose birth was registered in the first quarter of 1940 in Stepney. This baby’s mother’s name was Marshall.  That rang a bell.  Could the ‘Mrs Marshall’ billeted at The Thatch have been the baby’s grandmother?

As Mrs Johnson was evacuated with only one child, I thought it likely that Edith was her mother’s first child.  Based on this, I looked for a marriage in Stepney in the years 1935–1940 inclusive between a Marshall female and a Johnson male.  I found a marriage registered in the third quarter of 1938 between Francis W Johnson and Edith L Marshall in Stepney.  The Edith L Marshall probably seals the deal, with the usual caveats in case it doesn’t.

At this point I knew that I could look for ‘Mrs Johnson’, as Edith L Johnson in the 1939 Register.   I hoped to find her, ideally with her husband, on 29 September 1939, and probably in an area that might need to be evacuated, and I did.  They were listed at ‘The Bus’ on Berry Drive in Billericay, Essex.

Mr and Mrs F W Johnson in the 1939 Register © Find My Past Ltd

Mr and Mrs F W Johnson in the 1939 Register © Find My Past Ltd

The 1939 register also shows that Francis was employed as a Greengrocer’s Assistant, and his wife was engaged in the huge ‘Unpaid Domestic Duties’ sector, which left virtually no household in the nation untouched.

Incidentally, the sheet on which the Johnsons were enumerated was an unusual sheet in that it listed a fairly random assortment of abodes on different streets, i.e. it is not organised by consecutive street addresses.  I wonder what accounts for this?  Were these households missed out on the day, and added to lists later?  Could ‘The Bus’ on Berry Drive even have been a temporary shelter?  Pages on either side in the Register are likely to provide clues.

Well, we now have dates of birth for Francis and Edith Johnson, a good start for a family reconstitution exercise for which ‘Someone’ will have to find the time to embark, if we are to discover what happened to Edith and what stories were passed on to her, or to any younger siblings about the family’s wartime experiences, starting with their evacuation to Petersham.

Source
The National Archives,  RG 101/1476E/006/8, Schedule 559, accessed on Find My Past, 27/12/2016.

Update:  the question, What became of Edith Johnson was answered within a few weeks.  There is an update to this post here.

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The Naylor family: Petersham’s civilian losses in the 1940 Blitz

Ernest John Naylor (1899–1940);
Ivy May Naylor, née Richards (1895–1940);
Ellen Louise Naylor, n‎ée Russell (1871–1940)—omitted from the War Memorial;
Marie Jane Naylor (1856–1940)—omitted from the War Memorial.

In the early evening of 9 October 1940, enemy bombs caused considerable damage to houses in Sandpits Road and to buildings nearby along the Petersham Road.  Four members of the Naylor family were killed, as a result of a direct hit on The Thatch, in Sandpits Road, which was the home of Ernest and Ivy Naylor, both of whom are recorded on the War Memorial (although Ivy’s name is given as Florence). The two not recorded on the Petersham Memorial were their elderly relatives, Ernest’s mother and his aunt, both of whom had, perhaps deemed Petersham to be a safer haven from the bombing, than were their homes in Wandsworth and Chelsea respectively.

Ernest John and Ivy May Naylor had married in Wandsworth the previous year, following which  their family home became The Thatch in Sandpits Road.   In 1940, this house was numbered 165 Petersham Road and plans show that it was set quite far back from both roads.

Ernest’s mother, Ellen Louise Naylor, known to the family by her middle name of Louise, was born at Albion Villa in Streatham in 1871, and was the elder daughter, and the second eldest of the ten children of the civil engineer, Joseph Russell (1834–1937), and his wife, Ellen Bigg.  Joseph Russell had begun his working life as a marine engineer, but in 1866 went into partnership with the engineer Samuel Egan Rosser to form the company Rosser and Russell. The partnership was dissolved three years later, but the company continued under that name, under the leadership of Joseph Russell for many decades, specialising in heating and ventilation systems. Their clients included Queen Victoria and the Colonial Office and the firm was commissioned to provide major systems for many public buildings, including Olympia and the National Physical Laboratory at Teddington. It also developed the interrupter gear designed for the Sopwith Camel, which will be of some interest to those interested in the Kingston Aviation Project. (The source list includes links to further information about this firm.)

In 1892 Ellen Russell married John Alfred Naylor, a mechanical engineer, employed by her father’s firm to which he had been apprenticed in 1885, at about the age of 18. John Naylor served this apprenticeship at the firm’s Hammersmith works, at Queen’s Wharf. Four years later he was appointed as a draughtsman at Rosser and Russell’s offices at 22 Charing Cross, being appointed assistant manager in 1892, the year of his marriage to Ellen.  Joshua Russell’s confidence in John Naylor is borne out by his putting him in charge of several major contracts, and by his consent to this marriage.   In 1900, when John was still in his early thirties, he was appointed a director of the firm and, in time, his son joined the firm, and at the time of his death in 1940, was one of its directors, working alongside some of his Russell cousins.

Ivy, Ernest’s wife, was a native of Barnstaple and the eldest child of Alfred and Charlotte Ellen Richards, née Mullins, who both survived her.  Ernest and Ivy were involved part-time in the war effort, both serving as local  A.R.P. wardens and he was already in his uniform, prepared to go on duty that evening.  His wife, Ivy, was not scheduled to be on duty that evening.  It was a busy house on 9 October.  As well as their elderly relatives, the Naylors had East End evacuees billeted with them at the time.

The A.R.P. hut at Petersham, © Richmond Local Studies Library and Archive

The A.R.P. hut at Petersham, © Richmond Local Studies Library and Archive

The Richmond and Twickenham Times  gave the following account of what had occurred.

WARDEN KILLED
Dressed for Duty When House Was Bombed Early Evening

Mr Ernest Naylor, a part-time warden in the A.R.P. service, was killed when the dining room in the front of his house received a direct hit on Thursday evening.  His wife, Mrs Ivy Naylor, and his mother, Mrs Ellen Louise Naylor, were also killed.  Miss M.J.Naylor, an aunt, 91 years old, was taken to hospital seriously injured.  Mr Naylor, who was a ventilating and heating engineer, was 41 years of age.  It was only during the last year that he had made his home in a charming little thatched house.

A maid, who was standing in the kitchen when the house was struck, was unharmed except for scratches and shock.  Two hot-water bottles were found on the kitchen table, warm and intact.

Mr Naylor, who was still alive when he was found, was dressed ready for his A.R.P. work, and would have been on duty at the post within a few hours.  The family had a good air raid shelter, and would have been in it probably later in the evening.  Four evacuees from the East End had been billeted with them, but two of them were away; a mother and baby who remained were bruised.

The four evacuees who had been living with the late Mr and Mrs Naylor would in any case have been spending their last night there, as they had planned to move next day to a permanent home in another borough, and they have now moved.  They were Mrs Marshall, David Hayes, Mrs Johnson and Edith Johnson.

Another high-explosive bomb fell in a field, behind some farm buildings, and a third, from the same stick, had fallen in a park, just outside a school and near a lodge.

About a mile distant, a high explosive had made a huge crater where two back gardens had been.  Here there were no casualties, except a canary, and some extraordinary good luck was experienced.

The article continues with a summary of lucky escapes of people and buildings in the neighbourhood.

Ernest John Naylor died in hospital later the same evening as a result of his head injuries. Ivy and her mother-in-law were killed instantly.

Ernest’s aunt, ‘Marie’ (Mary Jane) Naylor, was an artist, whose usual residence was at 1 Stamford Bridge Studios in Chelsea.  She was also a noted suffragette and regarded as ‘one of the WSPU’s best speakers in the London area.  She was arrested several times, served six weeks in Holloway Prison in 1908 and in 1911, was on trial for breaking a pane of glass in a Home Office window.  Marie was one of the suffragettes for whom a tree was planted in Colonel Blathwayt’s suffragettes’ arboretum.

Marie survived the bombing for three weeks, but died as a result of her injuries, on 30 October at the Royal Hospital in Richmond, at the age of 84 (and not 91, as the newspaper reported).  Marie’s parents were Ernest’s paternal grandparents, John Naylor, who had emigrated south from Yorkshire and become a successful clothier, and his wife Mary Amelia Avila, the daughter of a well-known Stepney pawnbroker.  Before building a career as a successful clothier in London, John Naylor had worked  for Samuel Avila, as a pawnbroker’s assistant.  (You may have noticed, here, an even earlier case in this family, of marriage to the boss’s daughter.)

On the same page as this article is a prominent advertisement for Air Raid Shelter Bedding, sold by John Perring Ltd, of London Road Twickenham.

By a disconcerting coincidence, the following month, on 29 November, the Clarkes of Ham Common, along with their dog, were killed instantly “by concussion” when a bomb fell on the dining room of Oak Lodge.  On this occasion, however, the bomb did not explode though it was three days before the bomb could be removed by the Royal Engineers’ Bomb Disposal Squad.

Sources
Grace’s Guide to British Industrial History, Institution of Mechanical Engineers: 1938 Obituaries, http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/John_Alfred_Naylor, accessed 26/12/2016.
‘Warden Killed,’ The Richmond and Twickenham Times, 12 October 1940, pp.7 and 9.

Sources for Rosser and Russell 
One of the things I have learnt over the past five years of researching war memorials, is that in the absence of information, one should keep checking. Four years ago, I could find out quite a bit about the Naylors and their ancestors—some of them interesting enough to merit their own posts—but precious little then about Rosser and Russell.

As I am also a local historian, I was interested from the CIBSE research, to discover that Rosser and Russell contributed to the products used by the Sopwith Camel, so meticulously researched by the inimitable David Hassard and Bill Downey of the Kingston Aviation Project.  Do check them out at http://www.kingstonaviation.org/.

Readers interested in Rosser and Russell, or in the history of heating and ventilation systems, may find the following online material of great interest.   The research was undertaken for the Heritage Group of the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers  and is hosted on its website http://www.hevac-heritage.org.

Roberts, B., and Yunnie, P., The Story of Russell and Rosser, http://www.hevac-heritage.org/electronic_books/rosser_&_russell-2/1-RR.pdf, accessed 26/12/2016.
There is another document online, pdf 2-RR which is presumably also the research of Brian Roberts and Paul Yunnie.

Source for Marie Naylor
I am indebted to Roger Bamkin for bringing the following web page to my attention.  Published in 1997 by John Simkin, and available on Spartacus, it focuses on her role in the campaign for Women’s Suffrage. I have added the information that she was a noted suffragette to this blog post and warmly recommend readers to view the web page about Marie on the educaitonal site, Spartacus.  There you will also find a photograph of Marie Naylor.

Simkin, J., ‘Marie Naylor’, http://spartacus-educational.com/WnaylorM.htm, accessed 17/5/2018.

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